During the nineteenth century Britain's maritime, commercial and colonial interests all depended upon a regular and reliable flow of seaborne information from around the globe. Whilst the telegraph increasingly came to dominate long-distance communication, postal services by sea played a vital role in the network of information exchange, particularly to the more distant locations. Much importance was placed upon these services by the British government which provided large subsidies to a small number of commercial companies to operate them. Concentrating initially on the mail service between Britain and South America, this book explores the economic and political involvement of, at the outset, The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company (later, Royal Mail Lines) from 1851 until 1874. (The Company's West Indies services were subsidized from 1840 until the early years of the 20th century.) As well as providing a business history of the Royal Mail companies the book reveals much of the development of Brazil and Argentina as trading nations and the many and varied consequences of maintaining a long-distance mail service. Improved ship design led to larger vessels of greater cargo capacities, essential to the growth of the lucrative, and highly competitive, import/export trades between Britain and Europe and South America. The provision of increased passenger services contributed to the very considerable British financial, commercial and industrial interests in Latin America well into the 20th century. The book also addresses the international competition faced by Royal Mail Lines which reflected Britain's progressively diminishing dominance of global trade and shipping. In all this book has much to say that will interest not only business historians but all those seeking a better understating of Britain's maritime and economic history.
Indigenous people have played an incredibly important role in the history of the Americas. From their earliest encounters with Europeans, which helped shape the institutions of the colonial period, to recent mobilizations that have toppled regimes and put one of their own into power, the indigenous people of Latin America have profoundly molded political, economic, and social events throughout the region. A History of Indigenous Latin America, for the first time, attempts to tell the indigenous side of the story from the colonial period to the present. Ranging across countries, peoples, and themes, the book moves chronologically from the earliest native encounters with Europeans through themes of conquest, alliance, integration, urbanization, revolt, and many more to show the profound impact the movement and mixing of people has had on the development of Latin American nations and identity. With helpful key words, discussion questions, timelines, and lists of further reading, and bolstered by primary source documents and box features that highlight important people or events, this short text is perfect for anyone seeking to understand the broad picture of indigenous history throughout Latin America.
This book provides a general history of Latin America in the period between the European conquest and the gaining of independence by the Spanish American countries and Brazil (approximately 1492-1825). It is both an introduction for the student at the college level and a provisionally updated synthesis of the quickly changing field for the more experienced reader. The authors' aim is not only to treat colonial Brazil and colonial Spanish America in a single volume, something rarely done, but also to view early Latin America as one unit with a centre and peripheries, all parts of which were characterized by variants of the same kinds of change, regardless of national and imperial borders. The authors integrate both the older and the newer historical literature, seeing legal, institutional, and political phenomena within a social, economic, and cultural context. They incorporate insights from other disciplines and newer techniques of historical research, but eschew jargon or technical concepts. The approach of the book, with its emphasis on broad social and economic trends across large areas and long time periods, does much to throw light on Latin America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as well.
It is early December, 1929. Cyrus Skeen has concluded his case in The Chameleon, in which he uncovered a cell of the Nazi Party near Stanford University in Palo Alto, a college town south of San Francisco. But into his life come two Germans, one a Hollywood director, another an operative of a Marxist "think tank" in the midst of relocating from Germany, which is becoming more hostile to Communists and other fellow travelers. They are twin brothers and both wind up dead early on in the case. One is supposed to have murdered the other, and attacked Clara Reyes, Skeen's loyal and resourceful secretary. The German Consulate in San Francisco, with which Skeen has crossed swords in the past during the Esterhazy case earlier in the year, avers that neither man was what he seemed to be."
This law school casebook is concise, rigorous, and yet accessible to students. It contains approximately 100 primary cases, including a greater proportion of recent Supreme Court decisions than other casebooks. The notes provide context, and realistic problems facilitate application of constitutional law principles and cases. Covering structural constitutional law (judicial power, distribution of powers, Congress' powers, federalism, and judicial protection of interstate commerce) and the reach of the Fourteenth Amendment (citizenship, privileges and immunities, due process, equal protection, and state action), this casebook incorporates entertaining elements and references contemporary controversies. The teacher's manual provides creative suggestions for classroom use and outlines answers to the review problems provided to students at the end of the casebook. Tight editing to achieve "page neutrality," subtle revisions, and updates including creative incorporation of the health care decision make this popular casebook even better than the last.
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